Braces have brackets attached by wire and affixed to your teeth. In tandem, the brackets and wire press against your teeth to slightly move them so that they can become properly aligned. Braces are usually used to help correct crooked teeth or close gaps.
Modern braces are less noticeable than ever before. Modern braces are made from various different materials and are available in various different colors. Typically, they are made out of ceramic brackets and wires rather than metal. Although these braces are more noticeable, individuals can choose colors that express their unique personalities and styles. Concurrently, clear braces that are virtually invisible are also available.
Dental bridge work involves the creation of a false tooth, also known as a pontic, to replace a missing tooth. Types of bridges include resin bonded, fixed, and cantilever.
Unlike dentures, a fixed dental bridge cannot be removed by the wearer because it is attached to the mouth. The resin bonded type of bridge work is used mainly for front teeth, if the teeth next to them are in good condition, and involves using metal loops that are attached to the supporting teeth with a resin. A cantilever bridge is used on the front teeth and is mostly used when just one side of the missing tooth has another tooth beside it in good condition, since it’s designed to be anchored on only one tooth.
Missing teeth can not only look unattractive, but can also lead to tooth decay and gum disease if the area is left open. Missing teeth may also cause the misalignment of the other teeth.
Dental bonding can be used as a restorative procedure for teeth that are chipped, cracked, discolored, or misarranged, and is considered an alternative to veneers.
Composite bonding and adhesive bonding are the two primary types used in treatment.
Composite bonding requires precise placement. Natural looking tooth-colored composites are used to match your current surround teeth shades.
Adhesive bonding is typically used to attach a restoration to your tooth using an adhesive or a bonding agent.
Dental cleanings typically take only 30 minutes or so. Cleanings should be performed every six months to prevent excessive plaque buildup. Plaque left untreated can lead to unhealthy gums and tooth decay. A routine dental cleaning should include scaling, root planing and polishing. Regular cleanings are vital to overall maintenance of your teeth and gums, and are usually covered in full by most dental insurances.
Dental crowns improve the strength and appearance of an existing tooth. A crown will help strengthen a tooth with a large filling when there isn’t enough tooth remaining to hold the filling. Another usage of crowns is to attach bridges, protect a weak tooth from breaking or restore a tooth that has broken. It is also a good option for covering teeth that are discolored or badly shaped.
Dentures are a wearer-removable dental appliance used to replace groups of missing teeth. They are made to closely resemble your natural teeth and may even enhance your smile.
Dentures are typically available in two types, complete and partial. Complete dentures are used when all of the teeth are missing, while partial dentures are used when some natural teeth remain. A partial denture fills in the gaps created by missing teeth, as well as prevents other teeth from shifting. A Complete denture may be either “conventional” or “immediate.” A conventional type is made after the teeth have been removed and the gum tissue has healed, usually taking 4 to 6 weeks. During this time the patient will go without teeth. Immediate dentures are made in advance and immediately placed after the teeth are removed, thus preventing the patient from having to be without teeth during the healing process. Once the tissues shrink and heal, adjustments will have to be made.
Endodontic treatment is necessary when the pulp, the soft tissue inside the root canal, becomes inflamed or infected. The inflammation or infection can have a variety of causes: deep decay, repeated dental procedures on the tooth, or a crack or chip in the tooth. In addition, an injury to a tooth may cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible chips or cracks. If pulp inflammation or infection is left untreated, it can cause pain or lead to an abscess.
Extractions are most frequently performed on the wisdom teeth. Wisdom teeth often develop problems that require removal due to the jaw not being large enough to accommodate the teeth. As a result, they can become impacted, misaligned, or unable to properly come in. Wisdom teeth may grow sideways, emerge only part way from the gum or remain trapped beneath the gum and bone.
A composite filling is used to repair teeth that are affected by decay, cracks, chips, or fractures. The decayed or affected portion of the tooth will be removed and then filled with a composite filling.
Composite fillings are widely used today and are safe. Because composite fillings are tooth colored, they can be closely matched to the color of existing teeth, and are more aesthetically suited for use in front teeth or the more visible areas.
Composite fillings they are very durable, and are made to last many years. However, they are not permanent and may someday have to be replaced.
Fluoride is the most effective agent available to help prevent tooth decay. It is a mineral naturally present in varying amounts in almost all foods and water supplies. The benefits of fluoride have been well known for many years and are supported by many professional health organizations.
Fluoride treatment comes in two types. Topical fluoride, which strengthens the teeth once they have erupted by seeping into the outer surface of the tooth enamel, making the teeth more resistant to decay. Dentists and dental hygienists generally recommend that children have a professional application of fluoride twice a year during dental check-ups. Systemic fluoride strengthens the teeth that have erupted as well as those that are developing under the gums. It is available as a supplement in drop or gel form and can be prescribed by your dentist or physician.
A dental implant is a substitute tooth root that is used to replace the natural tooth in any area of the mouth where a tooth is missing. Just like your own natural tooth, the implant is anchored in bone. Typically, an “abutment” is connected to the top of the implant, and extends through the gum. The “crown” or visible part of the tooth is then connected to the abutment in a variety of designs. Dental implants provide a strong, solid foundation for biting and chewing. And, teeth supported by dental implants look and feel just like your natural teeth!
Dental implants are made of titanium, a biocompatible material that is accepted by the body. With a success rate of greater than 95%, dental implants have the best long term prognosis of any method of tooth replacement.
Inlays and onlays are a type of indirect filling. Restorations that are made to fit within the cusps of a tooth are called inlays. Onlays on the other hand, are restorations that cover at least one cusp of a damaged tooth. Like crowns, they are designed in our office using impressions and advanced imaging. The data gathered during the initial visit is sent to a dental lab, where the restoration is made from high quality material. In a follow-up visit, we bond the final prosthetic to the tooth. The seams of the inlay or onlay are so accurate against surrounding tooth material that the naked eye cannot discern the margins.
Invisalign is a series of invisible, comfortable, and removable aligners that are practically invisible to others. It is a clear alternative to metal braces. Invisalign is made with 3-D computer imaging technology and has been proven effective
A night guard is a thin transparent device that is worn over the biting surface of your teeth while you sleep to prevent contact between the upper and lower teeth. Night guards can help prevent migraine pain, tension-type headache pain, jaw disorders, and teeth grinding.
Prosthodontics is an advanced, highly skilled specialty focusing on the restoration or replacement of teeth. Prosthodontics is a higher level of dental care than general dentistry. It requires higher standards, longer, more intense education and training, and rigorous, continuing education. Prosthodontics offers you more skilled, customized, and expert dental care.
Root canal treatment is designed to treat problems of the soft pulp (nerve) tissue inside the tooth. In most cases the procedure is no more uncomfortable than getting a filling. It’s one of the most effective ways of relieving common types of tooth pain.
A root canal procedure becomes necessary when infection or inflammation develops in the pulp tissue of the tooth. Pulp tissue consists of blood vessels, connective tissue and nerve cells. This is why you may feel intense pain. While the pain may temporarily subside, without treatment, the infection won’t. It can lead to a dental abscess, and may even contribute to systemic problems in other parts of the body.
Root planing is the process of cleaning pockets in the gums primarily for treating and preventing gum issues. It is also leveraged to treat moderate to advanced gum diseases. When the gum becomes is inflamed, pockets become deeper creating potential of losing connections to the bone deeper within. The deeper the pockets, the easier it is for plaque deposits to become trapped and worsen gum problems.
Root planing involves inserting a pointed dental tool called scalers into the gum pockets which cleans out plaque buildup. The dentist scales the root surface in order to smooth out target areas and eliminate plaque.
A dental sealant is a thin coating applied to premolars and molars. This smooth seal is applied over the deep grooves in the chewing surface of the teeth. Dental sealants are sort of like an umbrella. They shade teeth from all the bad things that can rain down on them, from sugar to bacteria to bits of food that get trapped in between the teeth. The sealant is made of plastic or resin-based material. It’s either white or clear, making it nearly impossible for others to tell you have sealant on your teeth. In fact, the sealants are so thin you won’t feel a difference in your mouth.
Silver Diamine Fluoride
Silver Diamine Fluoride is a new, cavity fighting liquid that can be used to halt the progression of cavities. This is especially helpful in small children who are not mature enough to handle routine restorative care.
This liquid takes less than 1 minute to apply with no noise, no drilling, and at the same time it kills the bacteria that cause decay.
During physical sports of all kinds, teeth can easily be chipped, fractured, broken or completely knocked out of their socket. Sport guards are a safe and comfortable way to protect against these types of inadvertent injuries to the mouth. A variety of custom fabricated athletic sports guards, generally dependent upon the sport being played. This is what typically determines the thickness required for the guard.
Porcelain veneers are thin shells of ceramic that bond directly to the front surfaces of the teeth. They are an ideal choice for improving your smile and have become increasingly popular due to their simplicity and versatility. Dental veneers create a brighter, whiter smile composed of more perfectly aligned and shapely teeth. Veneers are sometimes placed for cosmetic reasons alone, rather than for necessary health purposes. The translucent quality of porcelain veneers provides a more natural look. This allows a beautiful and natural looking smile.
In-office bleaching provides the quickest way to whiten teeth. This is accomplished by applying whitening product directly to the teeth, sometimes used in combination with heat, a special light, and/or a laser. Results are most frequently seen in only one, 30- to 60-minute treatment. However, to achieve dramatic results, several appointments are usually needed.